FrameMaker 7.0 Tutorial:
FrameMaker version 9 tutorials are now available.
This tutorial is provided for advanced documentation students on a free, as-is
basis, without guarantee of accuracy. If you find any errors or think we should
include other tasks, let us know!
This tutorial discusses the following topics:
Subsequent tutorials focus on tags, tables,
anchored frames, templates,
master pages, reference
pages, cross-references, tables
of contents, indexes, variable
text, book building, conversion
techniques, and structured documents.
These tutorials provide an overview of each topic discussed. If you required
information about advanced FrameMaker topics, refer to the Adobe FrameMaker
User Guide or Adobe FrameMaker Classroom in a Book for the current
version of FrameMaker.
|| Note: For the sake of brevity, we use an abbreviated
style for menu commands throughout this lesson. For example, "Select File
> New" means "Select New from the File menu."
Displaying the Tools Palette
To get started creating graphics in FrameMaker, create a new document and display
the Tools palette:
- Open FrameMaker, and select File > New > Document.
- From the New dialog box, click Portrait.
(Tools Palette) located on the right side of the document window.
The tools palette contains the following tools and properties:
- Selection tools: used to select existing text and drawing objects.
- Drawing tools: used to draw shapes such as lines, arcs, rectangles,
circles, and polygons.
- Drawing properties: used to view and change a drawing object's
You will use the tools palette to select drawing tools and change the properties
of drawing objects.
- Select File > Save As.
- In the File name box, type graphics, and click Save.
|| Note: If you are working in the TCM computer
lab, save the file to your lab account. If you do not have a lab account,
please contact your instructor.
Drawing Basic Shapes
For this tutorial, you create some simple shapes using the drawing tools.
|| Note: Before you draw any graphics, create an anchored frame within which you draw all the objects in the following tutorial. For details, see anchored frames.
The tools palette contains the following drawing tools:
To draw a rectangle:
To draw a square:
- On the tools palette, click
- Click and drag the crosshair in the document window to draw a rectangle.
After you release the mouse button and move the pointer away from the rectangle,
the pointer changes back to
|| Note: You use the same basic procedure to draw
circles, arcs, lines, and freehand lines.
- Press the Delete key to delete the rectangle.
To draw an octagon:
- On the tools palette, click
- Press and hold the Shift key, and then drag the crosshair to create the
square. (Holding the Shift key keeps the sides of the rectangle equal, allowing
you to easily create a square.)
- Select Graphics > Object Properties.
- In the Object Properties dialog box, type 2 in the Width and Height
- Click Set. (This feature allows you to create objects using exact
- Select the square from the previous exercise.
- Select Graphics > Set # Sides.
- In the Set Number of Sides dialog box, type 8 in the Number of Sides
- Click Set.
The square changes to an octagon.
Before you can change a drawing object or its properties, you must first select
the object. When an object is selected, selection handles appear around the object.
You must click the border of the object to select it.
You can use the selection handles to resize, reshape or rotate a drawing object.
For example, to rotate the octagon you just created, select the border of the
octagon, press and hold the Alt key, and then drag a selection handle either clockwise
or counter-clockwise. For more information about resizing objects, see Resizing
To align objects:
- Draw a square. (Remember to press and hold the Shift key.)
(oval tool), and draw a circle. (Press and hold the Shift key to draw a circle.)
Make the circle slightly smaller than the square.
- With the circle still selected, press and hold the Shift key, and then select
the square. (Both objects should be selected.)
- Select Graphics > Align.
- In the Align dialog box, select T/B Centers and L/R Centers.
- Click Align.
The center of the circle is aligned with the center of the square.
To resize objects:
- Select the square that you created in the previous exercise.
- Position your cursor over the bottom-center selection handle until your
cursor changes to
- Click the selection handle, and drag downward a few inches to extend the
square into a rectangle.
|| Tip: You can also resize an object to exact
measurements by right-clicking the object, selecting Object Properties,
and then typing exact measurement for Width and Heigth properties.
To duplicate objects:
- Select the circle that you created in the previous exercise.
- Place your cursor over the circle.
Your cursor changes to
- Press and hold the Ctrl key, and then drag the circle downward.
(plus sign) is added to your cursor. This signifies that you are dragging
a copy of the object instead of the original object.
|| Tip: To drag the object in a straight line,
press and hold the Shift key.
- Repeat the steps above to create a third circle.
To evenly distribute objects:
- Select one of the circles that you created in the previous exercise.
- Press and hold the Shift key, and then select the other two circles.
- Select Graphics > Distribute.
- In the Distribute dialog box, select Equidistant Centers for both
Horizontal Spacing and Vertical Spacing.
- Click Distribute. The three circles are now distributed with equal
space between them.
To group objects:
- Make certain that the three circles are still selected.
- Select Graphics > Group.
The three circles are now grouped together and treated as one object. The
selection handles change to reflect this new grouping.
- With the group still selected, press and hold the Shift key, and then select
- Select Graphics > Align.
- In the Align dialog box, select T/B Centers and L/R Centers,
and click Align.
The group is now centered within the rectangle.
- To ungroup the selection, select Graphics > Ungroup.
Changing Object Properties
Using the tools palette, you can customize object properties, such as the color
and type of fill within your circles and the line width of your rectangle. The
left side of the tools palette contains the options for changing drawing properties,
and the right side displays the current settings.
To change object properties:
- Select the top circle.
(Set Fill Pattern).
- In the Fill Pattern dialog box, select the solid fill option.
- In the Color dialog box, select Red.
- Select the middle circle, and repeat the steps above to apply a solid, yellow
- Select the lower circle, and apply a solid, green fill.
- Select the rectangle.
(Set Line Width).
- In the Line Width dialog box, select a thicker line weight.
Adding Callouts and Text
To add callouts and text:
To apply color to text:
(Set Line Widths), and select a thinner line weight for the callouts.
(Set Color), and select the color black.
(Draw a Line).
- Draw a line that extends out from the red circle.
|| Tip: To create a horizontal line, press and
hold the Shift key.
- Place your cursor over the line. (Your cursor changes to a hollow arrow.)
- Press and hold the Ctrl key, and then drag the line downward
to the yellow circle.
- Repeat the steps above to add a line to the green circle..
(Draw a Text Line).
- Click within the document window next to the callout for the red circle.
- Type the word Red. (You can change the font and point size using
the Format menu.)
- Repeat the steps above to add text to the yellow and green circles.
|| Note: Text lines are somewhat different than
other drawing objects because you can select the object (with selection
handles) or select the text characters. Experiment with the two types
of selection tools to see what kind of results you get.
To customize a color, for example, a darker green:
- Select some text and click the Set Color button in the Tools Palette.
- Select a color from the Color dialog box.
- Click View > Color > Definitions.
- Assign a name to your custom color, for example, Darker green.
- For Model, select RGB.
- Push the red, green, and blue slider bars around until you get the shade of color you want.
- Click Add. Your customized color will be listed in the items under the Set Color button.
In this tutorial you learned how to use the tools palette to create simple objects.
Try adding arrowheads to the callouts in your drawing. Experiment with the other
drawing tools and object properties.
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