Power Tools for Technical Communication:
Chapter 3 Quiz


For each of the following questions, select the best answer according to this chapter of Power Tools for Technical Communication, and then press Check answers.

  1. Which of the following best defines primary research report as the term is used in Chapter 3?
    Relatively brief reports, written internally, that discuss accidents, inspections, or field trips.
    Descriptions of the construction or operational requirements (or both) of a product or service.
    A discussion of the status of a project with a general description of the project along with accounts of work completed and work remaining.
    Presentation of the information gathered in a laboratory test or field survey, methods used to gather that information, and conclusions based on that information.
    A summary of current information about a topic aimed at meeting the needs of a specific audience that has a specific need for that information.
    Presentation of the goals by which an organization wants to operate and the specific steps required to achieve those goals.
    Comparison of two or more products, plans, or organizations, based on requirements, with a resulting choice of one (or none) of them.
    An offer or bid to do a project for a client, accompanied by supporting detail such as benefits, fasibility, schedule, methods, costs, and qualifications.
    Step-by-step explanation of how to build, operate, repair, or otherwise accomplish something.

  2. Which of the following best explains why causes and effects are so important in primary research reports?
    Because a primary research seeks to provide recommendations on how to act (whether to purchase, build, etc.) based on research findings.
    Because a primary research seeks to provide step-by-step guidance to readers on performance of the research (based on research findings).
    Because a primary research seeks to prove whether a certain cause-effect is true based on research findings.

  3. Transitions are critical in discussing causes and effects. Which of the following provides the best example of text with transition words and phrases that you would expect to see in cause–effect discussions?
    Because higher average temperatures will cause moisture in the soil to evaporate at higher rates, scientists are predicting reduced crop yields.
    The world's oceans are predicated to rise between 15 and 95 centimeters over the next century, according to IPCC projections.
    The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is predicting an average global temperature increase of 1 to 3.5 degrees Celsius in the next century.

  4. Which of the following best describes a project that would require some primary research?
    Readers needing background information on global warming so that they can make disaster recovery plans in coastal areas of their state.
    A study to determine whether certain species of trees are growing farther northward as a result of higher average temperatures.
    Guidelines on how to estimate tons per acre of forest.

  5. Which of the following provides the best example of a telescoping cause–effect relationship?
    One cause leads to an effect which in turn becomes the cause leading to another effect, and so on.
    A cause leads to an effect, but then that cause is made up of one or more underlying causes and effects, and even those underlying causes may be made up of even further underlying causes and effects.
    Multiple causes lead to a single effect, no single one of those causes being able by itself to be the sole cause of the effect.

  6. Which of the following best explains the function of a scope statement in an introduction to a cause–effect discussion or in a primary research report?
    It indicates the contents of the rest of the report.
    It summarizes the existing knowledge (existing research findings) relating to the topic of the primary research report.
    It specifies which questions the research will address.

  7. Which of the following best describes the organizational approach that Chapter 3 recommends for any cause–effect discussion?
    Literature review, methods, findings, conclusions
    Cause by cause, effect by effect, or some combination
    Point by point or whole by whole element of the items being compared

  8. In a primary research report, which of the following is the name of the section containing a summary of the existing research related to the research topic?
    Literature review
    Findings, results
    Conclusions
    Methods and procedures

  9. Which of the following best explains the differences between the findings section and the conclusions section in a primary research report?
    The findings section makes cause-effect statements about the information gathered in the research; the conclusions section summarizes the data that was gathered in the research.
    The conclusions section makes cause-effect statements about the information gathered in the research; the findings section summarizes the data that was gathered in the research.
    The conclusions section summarizes existing knowledge relating to the research; the findings section summarizes the data that was gathered in the research.
    The findings section summarizes existing knowledge relating to the research; the conclusions section summarizes the data that was gathered in the research.

  10. Which of the following best explains the primary reason why primary research reports contain sections on methodology, procedures, equipment, materials, and facilities?
    Because these sections are required by the APA style manual.
    Because these sections are required by the MLA style manual.
    Because these sections enable readers to repeat the research if they desire.
    Because these sections give the primary research report a greater sense of authority and credibility.


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