Power Tools for Technical Communication:
Chapter 5 Quiz


For each of the following questions, select the best answer according to this chapter of Power Tools for Technical Communication, and then press Check answers.

  1. Which of the following best explains how the term definition is used in this chapter?
    Discusses of the parts and characteristics of an object
    Discusses the steps, stages, phases in a mechanical, biological, or social event
    Discusses the meaning of a potentially unfamiliar word or phrase

  2. Which of the following best explains the difference between the two types of classification discussed in this chapter?
    One type divides a topic into categories; the other places a thing in one of several categories.
    One type defines a topic by its purpose; the other places a thing in one of several categories.
    One type defines a topic by its purpose; the other divides a topic into categories.

  3. Which of the following provides the best example of a formal sentence definition?
    Sickle cell anemia is a congenital hemolytic anemia that occurs primarily but not exclusively in Blacks.
    Sickle cell anemia results from homozygous inheritance of the hemoglobin S-producing gene, which causes substitution of the amino acid valine for glutamic acid in the B hemoglobin chain.
    Sickle cell anemia is most common in tropical Africans and in persons of African descent; about 1 in 10 Afro-Americans carries the abnormal gene.

  4. Which of the following best identifies the elements of the formal sentence definition shown in the previous question?
    Term—Sickle cell anemia; category—congenital hemolytic anemia; differentiation—homozygous inheritance of the hemoglobin S-producing gene.
    Term—Sickle cell anemia; category—congenital hemolytic anemia; differentiation—that occurs primarily but not exclusively in Blacks.
    Term—Sickle cell anemia; category—that occurs primarily but not exclusively in Blacks; differentiation—which causes substitution of the amino acid valine for glutamic acid in the B hemoglobin chain.
    Term—Sickle cell anemia; category—congenital hemolytic anemia; differentiation—which causes substitution of the amino acid valine for glutamic acid in the B hemoglobin chain.
    Term—Sickle cell anemia; category—homozygous inheritance of the hemoglobin S-producing gene; differentiation—that occurs primarily but not exclusively in Blacks.
    Term—Sickle cell anemia; category—that occurs primarily but not exclusively in Blacks; differentiation—most common in tropical Africans and in persons of African descent.

  5. Which of the following best explains what Chapter 5 recommends for planning the content of an extended definition?
    Divide the topic into parts, characteristics, or components; and discuss each one of them separately.
    Divide the topic into steps, tasks, phases, or events; and discuss each one one of them separately.
    Divide the topic into types or classes; and discuss each one one of them separately.
    Select from tools such as description, process, comparison, and cause-effect; and combine them.

  6. Which of the following best explains what a basis of classification is and how it functions in a discussion of categories?
    It lists the categories that belong to that topic; it gives the reader an overview of them before they are discussed individually.
    It is the logic by which the topic is divided into categories.
    It defines the topic as a whole to better enable readers to understand the individual categories into which that topic will be divided.

  7. Which of the following best illustrates a topic, its categories, and the basis of classification used to create that list?
    Clouds: stratus, cumulus, cirrus; their altitude
    Clouds: altitude, shape, weather associated with them; their characteristics
    Clouds: rain clouds, storm clouds, funnel clouds; shape and severity of weather associated with them

  8. Which of the following best explains how you can explain which category an item belongs in, according to Chapter 5?
    Use the part-by-part approach.
    Use the point-by-point approach.
    Use the step-by-step approach.

  9. Which of the following best defines the background report as it is presented in Chapter 5?
    Relatively brief reports, written internally, that discuss accidents, inspections, or field trips.
    Descriptions of the construction or operational requirements (or both) of a product or service.
    A discussion of the status of a project with a general description of the project along with accounts of work completed and work remaining.
    Presentation of the information gathered in a laboratory test or field survey, methods used to gather that information, and conclusions based on that information.
    A summary of current information about a topic aimed at meeting the needs of a specific audience that has a specific need for that information.
    Presentation of the goals by which an organization wants to operate and the specific steps required to achieve those goals.
    Comparison of two or more products, plans, or organizations, based on requirements, with a resulting choice of one (or none) of them.
    An offer or bid to do a project for a client, accompanied by supporting detail such as benefits, fasibility, schedule, methods, costs, and qualifications.
    Step-by-step explanation of how to build, operate, repair, or otherwise accomplish something.

  10. Which of the following best explains the role that definition and classification play in background reports?
    They are useful primarily in the introduction to these types of reports.
    They are useful in primarily planning and structuring the body of such reports.
    They are useful primarily in constructing the overview statement that should occur at the beginning of each major section of such reports.


Information and programs provided by hcexres@prismnet.com.