Nouns are inflected for case and number. The basic cases are ergative (-e), absolutive (no ending), genitive (-a or -t), dative (-o or -n), and locative (-u). Plurals of nouns are typically formed by adding a suffix (-k, -mi, -ra, -i, or -a), but some nouns have irregular plurals (kenet, pl. of kinat "fish", veun, pl. of vien "eye").
Verbs are inflected for person, number, voice, and mood/aspect. The personal pronouns and voice are expressed as prefixes; mood/aspect is expressed with suffixes.
Adjectives are inflected like nouns, and agree with the case of the noun they modify. The case endings for adjectives are -i (ergative, absolutive, genitive), -a (dative), and -ê (locative).
Basic word order is VSO or VOS. Adjectives follow nouns. Lindiga has prepositions and other features typical of head-initial languages. Examples:
Êiasku miese sêrreng. [eˈjɑsku ˈmiəzə ˈserəŋ]
i -Ø -iask-u mies -e sêrrng-Ø 3sE-3sA-eat -PF mouse-ERG cheese-ABS"the mouse ate some cheese"
Êiasku sêrreng miese. [eˈjɑsku ˈserəŋ ˈmiəzə]
i -Ø -iask-u sêrrng-Ø mies -e 3sE-3sA-eat -PF cheese-ABS mouse-ERG"a mouse ate the cheese"
Sastu nirskae prroni sipsi ita tuoku nisuai. [ˈsɑstu ˈɲiʂkɛ ˈbrɔɲi ˈʃipʃi ʔitɑ ˈtuəku ˈɲizwɛj]
Ø -sast-u nirska-e prron-i sips -i ita tuok-u nisu-ai 3sA-jump-PF fox -ERG brown-ERG quick-ERG over dog -LOC lazy-LOC"the quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog"
Kaperlínanu kam. [kɑpəˈɭinɑnu kɑm]
ka -perlína -n -u kam-Ø 1sA-jelly.donut-DENOM-PF I -ABS"I am a jelly doughnut."