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Intransitive verbs in Tirelat are divided into two categories: stative and dynamic. Stative verbs describe the state or condition of something, or state an opinion. Typically, the stative verb comes before its subject, which appears in the nominative case.
jmɜriɬan sɨ rɛːv.
jĕ-mëri -ła -n sy rehv 3s-round-INF.NP-PF NOM world The world is round.
vɨʐiːriɬin su nikaz.
vy-žihri -łi -n su nik -az 3p-pretty-OPI.NP-PF NOM mouse-kind Mice are pretty.
Single-word modifiers (such as adjectives and adverbs) precede the words they modify. Longer modifiers follow the modified word.
taŋu jʐuːvivivɛz sɨ ʂuːru.
tañu jĕ-žuhvivi -ve -z sy šuhru little 3s-open.DIM-OBS.NP-IPF NOM door The door is slightly ajar.
jzɜziɬan sɔ ɡinɖu jlaj su daːn.
jĕ-zëzi -ła -n so ginżu jĕ -laj su dahn 3s-sleep-INF.NP-PF at today POSS-night NOM lion The lion sleeps tonight.
Dynamic verbs represent motions and actions without an object, including passive forms of transitive verbs. The subject of a dynamic verb typically precedes the verb.
su ʋal jŕastatin vɜ lak u ʐalaːn.
su wal jĕ-ŕasta-ti -n vë lak u žalahn NOM cow 3s-jump -OBS.P-PF LOC over OBL satellite The cow jumped over the moon.
su ŋak jkaɖaruɣamikan dɨ ɣuːl.
su ñak jĕ-każa-ru -ġa -mi -ka -n dy ġuhl NOM duck 3s-eat -PAS-OPT-INF.P-NEG-PF ABL wolf The duck did not want to be eaten by the wolf.
su nik jkaɖadɛz mɨ nirik.
su nik jĕ-każa-de -z my nirik NOM mouse 3s-eat -OBS.NP-IPF ACC cheese The mouse is eating cheese.
su rɔbin: jʈimalin kɜ marian:.
su Robin jĕ-ċima-li -n kë Marian NOM Robin 3s-kiss-HSY:P-PF COM Marian Robin kissed Marian.
Some transitive verbs can take two objects: direct (accusative) and indirect (dative). These objects can occur in either order after the verb, but the indirect object usually comes first.
su ravnavin jmakɛlin na ʂɨkavin mɨ kiːm.
su ravna-vin jĕ-make-li -n na šyka -vin my kihm NOM learn-er 3s-give-HSY:P-PF DAT teach-er ACC apple The student gave the teacher an apple.
rŕadɛban na kɛː mɨ xjɛlnik:.
rĕ-ŕade-ba -n na keh my xjel-nik 2s-call-POT:NP-PF DAT me ACC tea -mouse You can call me Teamouse.
Any noun or noun phrase can be made the topic of a sentence by placing it at the beginning. The rest of the sentence is considered as a comment on this topic. Note that nouns used as topics are often used without case markers.
ʐalaːn su ʋal jŕastatin vɜ lak.
žalahn su wal jĕ-ŕasta-ti -n vë lak satellite NOM cow 3s-jump -OBS:P-PF LOC over As for the moon, the cow jumped over it.
daːn jzɜziɬan sɔ ɡinɖu jlaj.
dahn jĕ-zëzi -ła -n so ginżu jĕ -laj lion 3s-sleep-INF:NP-PF at today POSS-night The lion sleeps tonight.
Complex topics end with a topic particle to set them apart from the rest of the sentence.
rkɛzanuj mɨ zjaniki taniɡira da, rlinajʐataj vɜ rsarɡa.
rĕ-keza-nu -j my zjaniki tani-gira da, rĕ-linajža-ta -j vë rĕ-sarga 2s-seek-CND-GA ACC pleasant half-island TOP 2s-look -DEO-GA LOC 2s-around If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look around you.
|DIM||diminutive (an infix, -vi-)|
|GA||generic aspect (either perfective or imperfective)|
|.NP||non-past (present, future)|