letter approximate English equivalent a AA as in "AArdvark" b B as in "Bat" c SH as in "SHark" d D as in "Dog" e E as in "Elephant" f F as in "Finch" g G as in "Gorilla" h H as in "Horse" i EE as in "dEEr" j Z as in "aZure-winged magpie" k K as in "sKunk" l L as in "Leopard" m M as in "Mouse" n N as in "Nighthawk" o OA as in "bOAr" p P as in "sPider" q reserved r R as in "Rabbit" s S as in "Snake" t T as in "sTingray" u OO as in "rOOk" v V as in "Vulture" w W as in "Wallaby" x reserved y Y as in "Yak" z Z as in "Zebra"
When two identical vowels come together, a glottal stop should be inserted to separate them. Glottal stops and unstressed schwas may be inserted in other places to ease the pronunciation; they are ignored.
The simplest Eklektu sentences consist of nouns or noun phrases. Kan. "Dog." Bon tenki. "Nice weather." The important thing to realize is that these are not clipped sentences. Eklektu sentences do not require a verb. The detailed definitions of the words, the context of the utterance, and the default assumptions of the language will supply the missing meaning. Kan means "Here is a dog" (or "Look at the dog", or possibly "Beware of the dog"). Bon tenki in context might mean "It is my opinion that the weather today is significantly better than average for Austin in July."
Alert readers may wonder about bon in bon tenki; it appears to be an adjective. However, bon is a noun which means "the quality or state of being significantly better than average". When two nouns in Eklektu are strung together, the first one is implicitly converted into an adjective modifying the second one: ya kan "my dog". If more than two nouns are strung together, the first modifies the remaining phrase: ya gra kan my gray dog. More complex noun phrases are discussed below.
Besides implicit adjectives, a noun may be modified by a prepositional phrase following the noun: kan a gra pel "a dog with gray fur". In Eklektu, many prepositions can also be used as suffixes to explicitly make nouns into adjectives: pel "fur", pel-a "furry". What's more, you can make it back into a noun by adding -n: pel-an "someone or something that is furry". A noun phrase can be combined into a single word: gra-pel "gray fur". So another way to write kan a gra pel is grapela kan, or even grapelkan. But the compound word is often used for a specific meaning: mel-orn "blackbird" (Turdus merula) vs. mel(a) orn "black bird" (any bird that is black). Similarly, an orn a rot(a) kril could be a Redwing (rotkrila drost, Turdus iliacus) or a Red-winged Blackbird (rotkrila ikter, Agelaius phoeniceus), but a rot-kril-an is defined as a rotkrila drost, Turdus iliacus. (Hyphens are used in the dictionary to delimit the individual roots, but not ordinarily in writing.)
In order to generate complex noun phrases, such as "my sister's gray dog", you can use a preposition such as de "of": gra kan de ya sestra, or alternatively, ya sestrade gra kan. Another way to translate "my sister's gray dog" is to add a slight pause, written with an apostrophe, between "my sister" and "gray dog": ya sestra' gra kan. To interpret complex combinations of -de suffixes and pauses, begin with the -de closest to the final noun, convert the preceding part of the phrase into a prepositional phrase beginning with de, and put it after the noun. Repeat until all -de suffixes have been converted. Examples: ya sestrade sinde kan = kan de ya sestrade sin = kan de sin de ya sestra "my sister's son's dog". ya sestrade sinde sini yan' kan = sini yan' kan de sin de ya sestra "my sister's son's blue-eyed dog".
Verbs are marked with a special type of auxiliary root, a verb marker. Verb markers may indicate tense (when the action happened), aspect (whether the action is ongoing or completed), or both. For example, leg means "to read"; na leg means "reading (present tense)", and le leg means "having read (perfective aspect)". Many verbs have an explicit subject (the one doing the action) and object (the one being acted upon). Some, such as "hit", may also have an instrument (a tool used to perform the action). Some, such as "shake hands", have two subjects. Others, such as "join", have two objects. Still others, such as "give", have three participants (the giver, the receiver, and the gift). To deal with all the different verb models, prepositions are used to mark the various participants in the action. The most frequently used of these are u (subject) and o (object). Thus, "I am reading a newspaper" is na leg u ya o cimbun. (Actually, if the u ya is implicit based on the context, it may be left out: na leg o cimbun). The normal word order in this construction is verb-subject-object, but these may be reversed for emphasis (na leg o cimbun u ya), or one of the noun phrases can be converted into an adjective and placed before the verb (na yau leg o cimbun, na cimbuno leg u ya).
An alternate construction follows the common subject-verb-object word order. The subject follows the verb marker and precedes the verb. In this case, the preposition on the subject (u) may be omitted. This order is often used for common verbs such as es "to be": ke mur es o gra = ke es u mur o gra "the mouse is gray". But since any word can be used as a verb, "the mouse is gray" can also be written more concisely as ke mur es gra. Note that in this construction the verb is the phrase es gra, not es by itself. But the es is still necessary for clarity; without it, ke mur gra might mean "it is gray like a mouse, mouse-gray". The subject-verb-object order should be used with care to avoid ambiguity.
Similar to prepositions, verb markers may be attached to the ends of verbs. In this case, the resulting adjective is a participle. In order to distinguish active participles from passive participles, the appropriate preposition is inserted between the verb root and the verb marker. Thus, the word for "reading (active, imperfective)" is leg+u+se = leguse, and the word for "read (passive, perfective)" is leg+o+le = legole. The participle can be modified just like a verb: cimbuno leguse / leguse o cimbun "reading a newspaper". This phrase can then be the object of the auxiliary lo "who, which, that": ku don a pom o hom lo leguse o cimbun "give an apple to the person reading the newspaper". (Or more briefly, poma ku don o cimbuno leguselo hom!)
Verb roots are a productive source of new words. For example, from leg you can derive both legul "reader" and legol "reading material". From graf (to write) you can derive graful "writer", grafol "writing (something written)", grafil "a tool for writing", and grafnil "something to write on". The general rule is to append any of the prepositions that mark the different participants in the action, followed by the suffix -l. (The -l is important; for instance, grafil is a tool for writing, but grafi is an adjective meaning "by means of writing").
Another transformation of a verb is the causative form. This form is made by appending in "to cause" to the verb. The subject of a causative verb is the same as the subject of the original verb; the person or thing that actually caused the action is identified with the preposition lu. For example, ke kan es kusi (ke es u kan o kusi) "the dog is happy" becomes ha yalu esin u kan o kusi (ha esin lu ya u kan o kusi) "I made the dog happy".
Besides prepositions and verb markers, there are two other kinds of auxiliaries: conjunctions and phrase markers. A conjunction precedes each of the words or phrases to be joined, e.g. na kur u et kan et kat "the dog and the cat are running", but the first one may be optional if it can be supplied from context: na kur u kan et kat. Besides et "and", Eklektu has two words for "or": au "exclusive or", "either/or", and eu "inclusive or", "and/or".
Phrase markers occur at the end of a phrase, and modify the meaning of the entire phrase. (Multiple phrases in a single sentence are separated by a pause, written as a comma.) For example, ka marks the phrase as a question. Nu marks it as the opinion of the speaker (or writer). Tu marks it as someone else's opinion. Si, on the other hand, marks the phrase as a definite, confirmed fact. Wa indicates that the current phrase is the topic of the next phrase. The contents of the topic (which may include previous phrases as well) may be substituted for the nonexistent object of a preposition: cimbun wa, na leg o is the same as na leg o cimbun. Vocabulary:
Eklektu words are almost all borrowed from various natural languages such as Greek (kardia "heart"), Latin (ov "egg"), English (flok "flock"), Japanese (sakura "cherry tree"), even less familiar languages such as Cherokee (kiyuga "chipmunk") and Jirrbal (gudjila "bandicoot"), though the exact meaning of the Eklektu word may not be the same as in the original language. All words undergo various phonetic and spelling changes when being borrowed.
Both personal and place names are marked with the definite article la (la Ceikspihr "Shakespeare", la Ostin "Austin"). The native name of a place should be used if known (la Espanya "Spain", not "la Spein"). In borrowing personal names, the family name always comes first.
It is customary for authors of artificial languages to provide a translation of "The Lord's Prayer". Here is the Eklektu equivalent, followed by a quotation from Thomas Huxley.
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread.
And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.
Hu lai u va regala, hu esen u va vil, ve ni nebo, kai ni la mond,
Tya jur hleba hu don o tya ni kojur,
Et hu pardon o tya e tya deballi, ve kai ha tya pardon o tya debulli,
Et ne hu duk o tya al iskuc, no hu liberin u tya van zloi.
a, -a aux. with (in the sense "having") acet to buy afirm assertion; to assert, affirm agas to annoy, irritate agro field, land akant thorn, spine, prickle aksil armpit akut sharp, pointed al aux. to, up to, onto ala area, place, region, extent alumin aluminum ambli blunt anci hint angel angel anki near, close anko elbow anon anonymous anvlop envelope aport to bring arakne spider arbait work (labor) ardvark aardvark argent silver (metal) arke ancient arm poor arneb hare arsenik arsenic asid acid asin donkey, ass, burro aspirin aspirin, acetylsalicylic acid aster star asteroid asteroid atmosfer atmosphere atom atom au aux. exclusive or (either x or y, but not both) auj tip, point, end, extremity aur gold (metal) aus out of, out from azbest asbestos bad bath bait byte bakter bacterium balah date (fruit) ban ban banan banana bank bank (econ.) barb beard bark lightning bat bat (animal) bato boat belka squirrel bemol flat (mus.) bereg bank (geog.) bet beet bin bee bint bandage blast bud, sprout blefar eyelid blink blink; to blink blu blue blum flower bog god, deity bol pain, ache bon good, nice bore north bork bark (of tree) bov cow bov-karn beef bradi slow braki short brav brave brik brick britva razor bronz bronze bros brush bulo birch cama candle capo hat, cap carf scarf cark east cayu shark cen depth ciju to inhale cimbun newspaper cir poetry cit to sew clem helmet cmuts pej. smut (distasteful material) cpigel mirror cpion spy crai to shout, cry, scream, yell cu book cukan week cum noise cuye sap cwo to speak, talk, say, tell da big daje even (emphatic) daktil finger, toe dalf leak dama hemp de aux. of deb to owe deb-al debt deb-ul debtor, one who owes deglut to swallow dek ten deka deca-, 10^1 deks right (hand) deluj flood dendro tree desi deci-, 10^-1 desi-bel decibel di two dies sharp (mus.) dilbi plane-tree dim dim djima sesame dju bamboo dolar dollar dolik long dom home don an act of giving; to give drapo flag drost thrush (Turdinae) duk to lead dum to think durak fool dut doubt dver door dwei heap dzijan nature e aux. on, concerning, about eker acre elektra electricity elf elf emet to vomit en an act of becoming; to become epu spouse, husband, wife es an act of being; to be esin to cause to be, make et aux. and etaj floor, stor(e)y eu aux. inclusive or (x or y, or both x and y); "and/or" evid evidence fa aux. future tense verb marker fal fall; to fall fan fan (enthusiast) fasil easy fe fairy, sprite, pixie fem female fem-epu wife fer iron (Fe, element 26) fertil fertile fet fat fev bean fi aux. indirect reporting marker fil to love filik fern fin end (final) flac bottle flag whip flec arrow fleg to burn flo flea flok flock fluorin fluorine fo false fob fear fon sound (noise) fonar lantern fos pit (in the ground) fosfor phosphorus fot light (illumination) frajil fragile frakt to break fraz phrase fren ash (tree) frer brother fud food fum smoke fur for, in exchange for fut foot (12 inches) fwa faith gacim stupid gam marriage; to marry gazal gazelle geld money genu knee giga billion; giga-, 10^9 gik geek gimno naked, exposed, nude gli glue, paste gliba lump glik sweet glob ball, sphere glos tongue glut buttock gnos knowledge (certain), gnosis gnos-les agnostic gnos-les-ti Agnosticism golub dove, pigeon gorb hump gorod city gra gray grad hail (stones) graf an act of writing; to write gram gram granj barn grom thunder grub rough gruz load gudjila bandicoot gul throat gwei ghost ha aux. past tense verb marker habro delicate hai sea haipa afraid hak right (legal) heimai rye hekto hecto-, 10^2 hel light (shade of color) heli helium helik spiral hepat liver hidrogen hydrogen hikui low hleb bread hom human being, person (Homo) hort garden hu aux. let (it, he, she, etc.), may (it, he, she, etc.) hulu gourd hwan link hwei ash i aux. with, by means of, using as a tool or instrument ikter troupial, oriole, blackbird, grackle, etc. (Icterini) imbir ginger in to cause, make insekt insect intc inch intro introduction; to introduce iodin iodine iris iris (flower) iskat to seek iskuc temptation; to tempt iskuc-il temptation; something that is tempting jarad locust jauzi brown jazar carrot je aux. (emphasis) jen woman jiz beetle jue to play (game) jur day just right, correct, proper, just ka aux. question marker kafur eucalyptus kahwi coffee kai also, too kajdi every, each kako bad kalci calcium kali beautiful kalik covering, shell kalk lime (CaO) kalt cold kalv bald kami paper kami-pli origami kan dog, wolf, coyote, etc. (Canis) kanyon canyon karb charcoal karbon carbon kardia heart (organ) karin keel karn meat karp carp kart map kav hollow ke aux. generic verb marker kel claw kelk any, some ki which, what (question) ki-raz when, at which time (question) ki-rezon why (question) ki-ta who ki-top where kilo thousand; kilo-, 10^3 kin chin kinet motion; to move kinz treasure kis sack kit whale kiyuga chipmunk klad branch, twig klav key klept to steal, rob klon clone klor green klorin chlorine klots log (wood) ko this ko-jur today kobalt cobalt kon cone kondil knuckle koral coral korn horn (of animal) koron crown korv crow (Corvus); crow, jay, magpie, etc. (Corvini) krai edge, rim krania skull, cranium kraska dye kreta chalk krig war kril wing kristal crystal krolik rabbit krom color kron time (period of time) krov blood krugli round krus cross ksif sword ksilo wood ku aux. imperative marker kudeta coup d'état kupra copper kur run, an act of running; to run kusi happy kust bush kuton cotton kwadre square kwat four kwat-dek forty la aux. definite article; the la lun the moon la mond the world, Earth lab game laba trumpet labia lip ladon palm (of hand) lai to come lakt milk lakuna gap lamina thin plate lan wool lapid stone, rock (material) lapis pencil lard bacon larva larva las to let, allow laser laser lasif lascivious laska weasel laucu rat laula to sing laut loud lauz almond lav to wash le aux. perfective aspect verb marker leg an act of reading; to read leje light (weight) lekar doctor len mild lent lens les aux. without leto summer leuk white lev left (hand) li many, much, a quantity of, some, plural liber free, at liberty liber-in to free, rescue, save libra pound (unit of weight) lift turnip lig to bind, tie lisa fox list leaf liti lithium litso face lo aux. which, that, who, what lob lobe lof ridge, crest log word lojik logic lu aux. by, caused by lud lewd luk onion lun moon, satellite lus to shine luwei reed ma aux. suitable as mail mile (5280 feet) mais corn (maize) makro large mal male mal-epu husband malak soft (not hard) manga comic book, manga marj meadow mark mark (currency) mas mass (quantity of matter) maslo butter mat mother mau cat mazi goat media middle medved bear (animal) mega million; mega-, 10^6 meili beauty mel black mel-orn blackbird (Turdus merula) men month menc person mensa table merd excrement, dung, etc. mes mass (religious occasion) mesto room, space met meter (unit of measurement) metro subway miceta fungus, mushroom mikro micro-, 10^-6 mili milli-, 10^-3 mim mimic mina harbor mini miniature mir peace mirmek ant mirt myrtle mnemo memory mocu magic mond world, inhabited planet mont to show mor to die mord to bite morf shape mors walrus most bridge mu moo muci priest muli oyster mur mouse (Muridae) mur-ven mouse (computer accessory) musk fly (insect) mwayen average, mean na aux. present tense verb marker nabi prophet nadel needle, pin nan dwarf nano nano-, 10^-9 nar fire nat birth; to be born nau sort, kind (of), type naut sailor ne aux. not nebel fog, haze nebo sky, heaven nefra kidney nelk pink (plant, flower) nen no (not yes) neo new neon neon nerd nerd ni aux. at, on, in nid down (dir.) nikel nickel (Ni, element 28) nil indigo nimf nymph nitrogen nitrogen no aux. but nod knot noj knife nom name norka mink notc night nov nine nov-dek ninety novost news nu aux. opinion marker (speaker's opinion) nujni necessary nuk nut nul zero nuli slave nun now nyau urine o aux. object marker ob dawn objektiv objective oblak cloud obraz image okno window oksigen oxygen okt eight okt-dek eighty oliv olive om ohm omela mistletoe omfal navel omni all, every onik nail, claw onkel uncle orb wheel, circle orn bird osen autumn ov egg paitsi aux. except, apart from paitsi ven unless paki thick palm palm (tree) par forgiveness pardon to forgive park park parmi aux. among paund pound (currency) ped child pektin comb pektor chest pel fur pel-an furry (anthropomorphic animal) pend to hang pent five pent-dek fifty per father perd to lose (no longer have), waste pero pen petal petal petro rock piez to press pikai to split piko pico-, 10^-12 pilau fatigue pin fin pink pink (color) pip pipe (for smoking) piramid pyramid pivo beer plan flat, level planc board, plank, shelf platin platinum pli to fold plod fruit plumbo lead (Pb, element 82) plur plural pod foot (at end of leg) pol floor poli many, much polis police pom apple porfavor please porfir purple port to carry post aux. after pot to drink potasi potassium pre aux. before presk almost prokt anus propos proposition, proposal; to propose prot first psike spirit, soul, mind psor itch pu can, is able punkt point, dot, mote, speck pupa pupa pupe doll pupil pupil of eye put path, trail, way pyu more rabi rabbi radar radar radi radium radio radio radon radon radost joy randevu rendez-vous rasti to grow rau meow ravni equal raz time (point in time, occasion) raz-ni when, at a particular time or occasion when razvit to develop re back (direction) rec to solve reg king reg-ala kingdom rek wreck reka river ren wren (Troglodytidae) ret net, network retro backward(s), retrograde rezon reason (why) rezon-in to justify (provide reason for) riba fish rid to get rid of, do away with rin nose rink snout, beak, bill ris rice rist wrist riz root robot robot rod to gnaw ros wrong rot red rot-kril-an redwing (Turdus iliacus) rovni even (not uneven) roz rose rubl ruble ruf bark (of dog) ruka arm sak bag, sac(k), pouch sakra sacred, holy saksofon saxophone sakura cherry tree sal salt (NaCl) sala to pray salut health sandwitc sandwich sap soap sark flesh saur lizard se aux. imperfective aspect verb marker sed to sit sefal head seks six seks-dek sixty sem seed semper always seno hay senti centi-, 10^-2 sept seven sept-dek seventy servo brain sestra sister sfen wedge sfer sphere, globe sfiz to throb, beat si aux. fact marker sik dry sila force silik flint silikon silicon sin son sir cheese siroi raw skak to skip skand to climb skapul shoulder skel leg skelet skeleton ski shadow skler hard, stiff, rigid skot darkness skwam scale (small overlapping plates) slab weak slic to hear sliz slime snafu snafu sneg snow so that sok juice sol sun som body son dream sparja asparagus spat to sleep spir to breathe spong sponge spor spore sput spit stan tin (Sn, element 50) star old sto (one) hundred stom mouth sud to judge sukar sugar sulfur sulfur sup soup surd deaf ta he, she, it, they, him, her, them taki quick, swift, fast, rapid takil heavy taksi taxi tant aunt tapi carpet tatu armadillo tau dew tca tea tcas hour tciz to say "cheese" (smile for a photograph) tcoklat chocolate tcuj strange tele far, distant, remote telefon telephone tenki weather ter land tera trillion; tera-, 10^12 teria beast ti quality or state of being (e.g., liber "free", liberti "freedom, liberty") tib medicine tihi still, motionless tik to poke tivi television to it toksik poison, venom tol crazy, mad, wild tom to cut ton clay top place, region, spot topol poplar trakt to draw trava grass trem hole tri three tri-dek thirty trik hair truba pipe, tube truv to find tsai to guess tsan silkworm tsel goal tsena cost tsu to, for tu aux. opinion marker (someone else's opinion) tum garlic turt pie tva you and someone else tya we, us (exclusive) u aux. subject marker uho ear un one ungu hoof usi moustache uva grape va you vag wandering; to wander vals waltz valv valve van from vaz vase ve aux. like, as, similar to veg aux. off (away from) velik great ven if ver true verm worm vesel fun vi aux. direct reporting marker vid to see vil will vin wine vir man vis to know (have knowledge) visok high viv to live vo aux. in voda water vol to fly volt volt volv to roll vopros question voron raven vos voice vosk wax vrag enemy vuk wolf vya you and I, you and me; we, us (inclusive) vyaz elm wa aux. topic marker wadi valley wasak dirt wat watt wen to ask west west wi yes ya I, me yan eye yar year yard yard (3 feet) yazik language yedji pheasant yel fir yest to eat yicu art yin tone yug south zaibak mercury (Hg, element 80) zakon law zakrit to close, shut zaliv gulf zbib raisin zeker certainty; sure, certain zig yoke zima winter zink zinc zloi evil zmeya snake znak mark, sign, symbol zon zone zontik umbrella, parasol zub tooth
aardvark ardvark able (to be) pu about e acid asid acre eker affirm (to) afirm afraid haipa after post agnostic gnos-les Agnosticism gnos-les-ti all omni allow (to) las almond lauz almost presk also kai aluminum alumin always semper among parmi ancient arke and et angel angel annoy (to) agas anonymous anon ant mirmek anus prokt any kelk apart from paitsi apple pom area ala arm ruka armadillo tatu armpit aksil arrow flec arsenic arsenik art yicu as ve asbestos azbest ash hwei, fren ask (to) wen asparagus sparja aspirin aspirin ass asin assert (to) afirm asteroid asteroid at ni atmosphere atmosfer atom atom aunt tant autumn osen average mwayen back (dir.) re backward(s) retro bacon lard bacterium bakter bad kako bag sak bald kalv ball glob bamboo dju ban ban banana banan bandage bint bandicoot gudjila bank bank, bereg bark bork, ruf barn granj bat (animal) bat bath bad be (to) es beak rink bean fev bear (animal) medved beard barb beast teria beat (to) sfiz beautiful kali beauty meili become (to) en bee bin beef bov-karn beer pivo beet bet beetle jiz before pre big da bill (beak) rink billion giga bind (to) lig birch bulo bird orn birth nat bite (to) mord black mel blackbird ikter, mel-orn blink (to) blink blood krov blue blu blunt ambli board planc boat bato body som book cu born (to be) nat bottle flac brain servo branch klad brave brav bread hleb break (to) frakt breathe (to) spir brick brik bridge most bring (to) aport bronze bronz brother frer brown jauzi brush bros bud blast burn (to) fleg burro asin bush kust but no butter maslo buttock glut buy (to) acet by lu by means of i byte bait calcium kalci can pu candle cama canyon kanyon cap capo carbon karbon carp karp carpet tapi carrot jazar carry (to) port cat mau cause (to) in cause to be (to) esin caused by lu centi-, 10^-2 senti certain(ty) zeker chalk kreta charcoal karb cheese sir cherry tree sakura chest pektor child ped chin kin chipmunk kiyuga chlorine klorin chocolate tcoklat circle orb city gorod claw kel, onik clay ton climb (to) skand clone klon close (near) anki close (to) zakrit cloud oblak cobalt kobalt coffee kahwi cold kalt color krom comb pektin come (to) lai comic book manga concerning e cone kon copper kupra coral koral corn (maize) mais correct just cost tsena cotton kuton coup d'état kudeta covering kalik cow bov coyote kan cranium krania crazy tol crest lof cross krus crow (Corvus) korv crown koron cry (yell) (to) crai crystal kristal cut (to) tom darkness skot date (fruit) balah dawn ob day jur deaf surd debt deb-al debtor deb-ul deca-, 10^1 deka deci-, 10^-1 desi decibel desi-bel deity bog delicate habro depth cen develop (to) razvit dew tau die (to) mor dim dim dirt wasak distant tele do away with rid doctor lekar dog kan doll pupe dollar dolar donkey asin door dver dot punkt doubt dut dove golub down (dir.) nid draw (to) trakt dream son drink (to) pot dry sik dung merd dwarf nan dye kraska each kajdi ear uho Earth la mond east cark easy fasil eat (to) yest edge krai egg ov eight okt eighty okt-dek elbow anko electricity elektra elf elf elm vyaz end auj, fin enemy vrag envelope anvlop equal ravni eucalyptus kafur even daje, rovni every kajdi, omni evidence evid evil zloi except paitsi excrement merd exposed gimno extent ala extremity auj eye yan eyelid blefar face litso fairy fe faith fwa fall (to) fal false fo fan (enthusiast) fan far tele fast taki fat fet father per fatigue pilau fear fob female fem fern filik fertile fertil field agro fifty pent-dek fin pin find (to) truv finger daktil fir yel fire nar first prot fish riba five pent flag drapo flat plan, bemol flea flo flesh sark flint silik flock flok flood deluj floor pol, etaj flower blum fluorine fluorin fly (insect) musk fly (to) vol fog nebel fold (to) pli food fud fool durak foot fut, pod for tsu, fur force sila forgive (to) pardon forgiveness par forty kwat-dek four kwat fox lisa fragile frajil free (at liberty) liber free (to) liber-in from van fruit plod fun vesel fungus miceta fur pel furry (anthro.) pel-an game lab gap lakuna garden hort garlic tum gazelle gazal geek gik get rid of (to) rid ghost gwei giga-, 10^9 giga ginger imbir give (to) don globe sfer glue gli gnaw (to) rod gnosis gnos goal tsel goat mazi god bog gold (metal) aur good bon gourd hulu grackle ikter gram gram grape uva grass trava gray gra great velik green klor grow (to) rasti guess (to) tsai gulf zaliv hail (stones) grad hair trik hang (to) pend happy kusi harbor mina hard skler hare arneb hat capo hay seno haze nebel he ta head sefal health salut heap dwei hear (to) slic heart (organ) kardia heaven nebo heavy takil hecto-, 10^2 hekto helium heli helmet clem hemp dama her ta high visok him ta hint anci hole trem hollow kav holy sakra home dom hoof ungu horn (of animal) korn hour tcas human being hom hump gorb hundred sto husband epu, mal-epu hydrogen hidrogen I ya if ven image obraz in ni, vo in exchange for fur inch intc indigo nil inhale (to) ciju insect insekt introduce (to) intro iodine iodin iris (flower) iris iron (Fe) fer irritate (to) agas it ta, to itch psor jay korv joy radost judge (to) sud juice sok just (right) just justify (to) rezon-in keel karin key klav kidney nefra kilo-, 10^3 kilo kind (of) nau king reg kingdom reg-ala knee genu knife noj knot nod know (to) vis knuckle kondil land agro, ter language yazik lantern fonar large makro larva larva lascivious lasif laser laser law zakon lead (Pb) plumbo lead (to) duk leaf list leak dalf left (hand) lev leg skel lens lent let (allow) (to) las let ... hu level plan lewd lud liberty (at) liber light fot, hel, leje lightning bark like ve lime (CaO) kalk link hwan lip labia lithium liti live (to) viv liver hepat lizard saur load gruz lobe lob locust jarad log klots logic lojik long dolik lose (to) perd loud laut love (to) fil low hikui lump gliba mad tol magic mocu magpie korv make (to) esin, in male mal man vir manga manga many li, poli map kart mark mark, znak marry (to) gam mass mas, mes may ... hu me ya meadow marj mean (average) mwayen meat karn medicine tib mega-, 10^6 mega memory mnemo meow rau mercury (Hg) zaibak meter (unit) met micro-, 10^-6 mikro middle media mild len mile (5280 feet) mail milk lakt milli-, 10^-3 mili million mega mimic mim mind psike miniature mini mink norka mirror cpigel mistletoe omela money geld month men moo mu moon lun, la lun more pyu mote punkt mother mat motionless tihi mouse mur, mur-ven moustache usi mouth stom move (to) kinet much li, poli mushroom miceta myrtle mirt nail (finger, toe) onik naked gimno name nom nano-, 10^-9 nano nature dzijan navel omfal near anki necessary nujni needle nadel neon neon nerd nerd net ret network ret new neo news novost newspaper cimbun nice bon nickel (Ni) nikel night notc nine nov ninety nov-dek nitrogen nitrogen no (not yes) nen noise cum north bore nose rin not ne now nun nude gimno nut nuk nymph nimf objective objektiv of de off (away from) veg ohm om old star olive oliv on e, ni one un onion luk onto al or au, eu origami kami-pli oriole (Icterini) ikter out of, out from aus owe (to) deb oxygen oksigen oyster muli pain, ache bol palm ladon, palm paper kami parasol zontik park park paste gli path put peace mir pen pero pencil lapis person hom, menc petal petal pheasant yedji phosphorus fosfor phrase fraz pico-, 10^-12 piko pie turt pigeon golub pin nadel pink nelk, pink pipe (smoking) pip pipe (tube) truba pit (in ground) fos pixie fe place ala, top plane-tree dilbi planet (world) mond plank planc platinum platin play (game) (to) jue please porfavor plural plur poetry cir point auj, punkt pointed akut poison toksik poke (to) tik police polis poor arm poplar topol potassium potasi pouch sak pound libra, paund pray (to) sala press (to) piez prickle akant priest muci proper just prophet nabi propose (to) propos pupa pupa pupil of eye pupil purple porfir pyramid piramid quantity of (a) li question vopros quick taki rabbi rabi rabbit krolik radar radar radio radio radium radi radon radon raisin zbib rapid taki rat laucu raven voron raw siroi razor britva read (to) leg reason (why) rezon red rot redwing rot-kril-an reed luwei region ala, top remote tele rendez-vous randevu rescue (to) liber-in retrograde retro rice ris ridge lof right just, deks, hak rigid skler rim krai river reka rob (to) klept robot robot rock petro, lapid roll (to) volv room mesto root riz rose roz rough grub round krugli ruble rubl run (to) kur rye heimai sac(k) sak sack kis sacred sakra sailor naut salt (NaCl) sal sandwich sandwitc sap cuye satellite lun save (to) liber-in saxophone saksofon say "cheese" (to) tciz say (to) cwo scale skwam scarf carf scream (to) crai sea hai see (to) vid seed sem seek (to) iskat sesame djima seven sept seventy sept-dek sew (to) cit shadow ski shape morf shark cayu sharp akut, dies she ta shelf planc shell kalik shine (to) lus short braki shoulder skapul shout (to) crai show (to) mont shut (to) zakrit sign znak silicon silikon silkworm tsan silver (metal) argent similar to ve sing (to) laula sister sestra sit (to) sed six seks sixty seks-dek skeleton skelet skip (to) skak skull krania sky nebo slave nuli sleep (to) spat slime sliz slow bradi smoke fum smut cmuts snafu snafu snake zmeya snout rink snow sneg soap sap soft (not hard) malak solve (to) rec some kelk, li son sin sort nau soul psike sound (noise) fon soup sup south yug space mesto speak (to) cwo speck punkt sphere glob, sfer spider arakne spine akant spiral helik spirit psike spit sput split (to) pikai sponge spong spore spor spot top spouse epu sprite fe sprout blast spy cpion square kwadre squirrel belka star aster steal (to) klept stiff skler still (motionless) tihi stone (material) lapid stor(e)y (floor) etaj strange tcuj stupid gacim subway metro sugar sukar suitable as ma sulfur sulfur summer leto sun sol sure (certain) zeker swallow (to) deglut sweet glik swift taki sword ksif symbol znak table mensa talk (to) cwo taxi taksi tea tca telephone telefon television tivi tell (to) cwo temptation iskuc, iskuc-il ten dek tera-, 10^12 tera that lo, so the la them ta they ta thick paki thin plate lamina think (to) dum thirty tri-dek this ko thorn akant thousand kilo three tri throat gul throb (to) sfiz thrush (bird) drost thunder grom tie (to) lig time kron, raz tin (Sn) stan tip auj to al, tsu today ko-jur toe daktil tone yin tongue glos too kai tooth zub trail put treasure kinz tree dendro trillion tera troupial ikter true ver trumpet laba tube truba turnip lift twig klad two di type nau umbrella zontik uncle onkel unless paitsi ven up to al urine nyau us tya, vya using i valley wadi valve valv vase vaz venom toksik voice vos volt volt vomit (to) emet walrus mors waltz vals wander (to) vag war krig wash (to) lav waste (to) perd water voda watt wat wax vosk way put we tya, vya weak slab weasel laska weather tenki wedge sfen week cukan west west whale kit what lo, ki wheel orb when raz-ni, ki-raz where ki-top which lo, ki whip flag white leuk who lo, ki-ta why (question) ki-rezon wife epu, fem-epu wild tol will vil window okno wine vin wing kril winter zima with i, a, -a without les wolf vuk, kan woman jen wood ksilo wool lan word log work (labor) arbait world mond, la mond worm verm wreck rek wren ren wrist rist write (to) graf wrong ros yard (3 feet) yard year yar yell (to) crai yes wi yoke zig you va zero nul zinc zink zone zon