The Language Page

--> Join the Blue Ribbon Anti-Censorship Campaign!

Recent conlangs

Here is some information about the conlangs (constructed languages) I've been working on in recent years. The IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) is used to describe the pronunciation of the names of these languages. To read these characters, you need a Unicode-compatible browser. See below to download the Thryomanes font if your default Unicode font doesn't contain the IPA characters.

Audio samples

IPA

Many of the pages on this web site use the International Phonetic Alphabet, or IPA, to describe the sounds of Azirian languages. I've used four different methods of representing IPA over the years: SIL, KPA, Unicode, and ThrIPA. I eventually plan to switch everything over to using Unicode, but for the moment, you may still run across files using one of the older methods.

Older versions of Netscape, and current versions of Internet Explorer, are capable of using the IPA fonts created by the SIL (Summer Institute of Linguistics). However, more recent versions of Netscape are unable to use symbol fonts, and unfortunately, that includes the SIL-IPA fonts.

The Kolagian Phonetic Alphabet is an ASCII representation of the IPA. No special fonts are needed to read this alphabet, although you may have to refer to the documentation to figure out some of the less frequently-used characters.

Unicode (see below) is the preferred method of representing many types of characters including the IPA. I created the Thryomanes font for representing extended Latin characters and IPA, since most standard fonts do not include these characters. However, some versions of Internet Explorer may have trouble with the IPA characters, depending on which fonts are installed on your system. It appears to be trying to use the Lucida Sans Unicode font if you have it, and you may see a crude, badly spaced imitation of the IPA characters if you don't. Because of the Internet Explorer problems, I temporarily abandoned Unicode in favor of the following method:

The Thryomanes IPA font (ThrIPA) is an encoding of the IPA into the ISO 8859-1 characters available to web pages. This method is readable by Internet Explorer as well as Netscape, although IE still gets the spacing wrong with non-spacing diacritics. Still, it's better than the alternatives. Also, older browsers that do not support Unicode should still be able to use this method. The only difficulty is that the font is currently only available in TrueType format, although I may be able to provide other versions of the font if necessary.

Unicode

Unicode is a widely-accepted standard for representation of characters in 16 bits, including the writing systems of most modern languages. Unicode allows a single Web page to contain many languages, such as Japanese (日本語) and Russian (русский) along with Roman-alphabet languages on the same page! If you see question marks here instead of the Japanese and Russian characters, your web browser probably doesn't support Unicode. If you see empty squares, you may need to obtain the appropriate fonts that contain the Japanese and Russian characters. Consult your browser documentation for further information.

I've created a free TrueType font for Windows systems that includes all the Roman-alphabet characters available in Unicode, along with a subset of the most commonly used Greek and Cyrillic characters. This font is available in normal, italic, bold, and bold italic. Of particular interest to conlangers is the inclusion of the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet). Save these files to disk, then use the Control Panel to add them. Consult your Windows documentation if you need help.

General language-related documents

Languages of Kolagia

"Kolagia" [ko'lɑɡiɑ] is my name for the fictional universe I was creating and documenting from the late 1970's until 1999. It's the precursor to my new conworld, Azir [aˈzir], which is currently in the early stages of development. Many of the places, people, and languages from Kolagia will probably survive, in one form or another, but I've decided to keep these pages in their original form to document the earlier vision of the world (for the interest of future world builders). As I get time, I'll also add pages for previously undocumented Kolagian languages from my disorganized notes. (Many Kolagian languages were developed on paper years ago, without the help of the computer.)

Links to other language-related sites