Process Discussion: Chapter Quiz

Answer the questions in this quiz to see how well you've read and understood the chapter. Feel free to link back and forth between the chapter on process and this quiz to check your answers.

When you're through, just click on Check your answers.

Your name Your handle (use the exact same handle
you created in the questionnaire)
Your e-mail (required)
  1. In the online textbook, the term process discussion is used to mean:
    A discussion of the parts or characteristics of an object, mechanism, place, or organism
    An account of how something works or happens — its events or phases
    An explanation of what a potentially unfamiliar term means
  2. When process discussions discuss events that are in a chronological order, they use which of the following formats?
    Bulleted lists
    Simple vertical lists
    Numbered lists
    Tables
  3. When you write the introduction to an extended process discussion (a paragraph or more in length), you should put which of the following at or very near the beginning?
    Formal sentence definition of the process to be discussed
    Technical description of the process to be discussed
    An audience definition
    Supplementary information to help explain the steps
  4. Take a look at the following paragraphs. Which is the best example of a process discussion?
    The Internet is a collection of electronic links that connects every computer within that collection to every other computer in that collection. Computers linked to this system of links (that are "on the Internet") can communicate with every other computer on that same system, send e-mail, make resources available, and even provide remote facilities.
    To transfer a file across the Internet, you must first get "on line" through some sort of modem or cable connection, then log in to some provider of Internet services, use the ftp command to start the file transfer session, link into the Internet computer you want to send file to or get files from, and then issue the actual send or get command.
    The Internet is now used in the following ways, to name a few: to send messages to others; to provide all sorts of information; to provide education and training; to advertise and sell products and services.
  5. As explained in the online textbook, process discussions require a special approach to content and organization, very different from what you find in descriptions, comparisons, and extended definitions. Which of the following statements is true about the contents and organization of a process discussion?
    Process discussions are organized by steps or phases, whereas the others organize their content depending on the thing being discussed.
    Process discussions are organized by parts or components, whereas the others organize their content depending on the thing being discussed.
    Process discussions organize their contents according to the characteristics of the thing being defined, whereas the others use organizational elements such as parts, points of comparison, or steps.
    Process discussions use the other kinds of writing (such as description, definition, comparison, or cause-effect discussion) in whatever way works best to discuss the process; whereas the others use organizational elements such as parts, points of comparison, or steps.
  6. Which of the following lists the two basic types of process discussion, as discussed in the online textbook?
    Instructional, noninstructional
    Extended, nonextended
    Category-based, comparison-based
    Human, nonhuman
  7. The next questions are based on the following process discussion:

    The Gas Turbine Engine: Basic Operation

    The gas turbine engine provides thrust for aircraft through a series of stages similar to any internal combustion engine. The gas turbine engine functions similarly to the four-cycle piston automotive engine. The gas turbine consists of four main components: the compressor, combustion chamber, turbine, and exhaust nozzle. To operate, an engine must (1) draw in a quantity of air and compress it, (2) burn it with fuel and extract the energy, (3) turn the blades of the turbine, and then (4) exhaust the discharge gases producing thrust.

    Air Intake and Compression

    Air is drawn into the gas turbine engine and compressed by multiple sets of rapidly rotating fan blades driven by the engine turbine via a turbine shaft. This axial flow compressor employs alternate rows of rotating (rotor) blades, to accelerate the air, and stationary (stator) vanes, to diffuse the air, until the required pressure rise is obtained. The compressed air then enters the combustion chamber.

    Combustion of Compressed Air and Fuel

    The combustion chamber consists of a chamber containing fuel spray nozzles and an igniter. Fuel is mixed with the high volume of air, supplied by the compressor, and ignited. The resulting heat expands and accelerates to produce a smooth stream of uniformly heated gas. Compressed air is mixed with the heated air to cool the stream before hitting the turbine.

    Production of Energy in the Turbine

    Hot gases released from the combustion chamber pass through the turbine, spinning its blades. This rotational energy (torque) drives the compressor and other engine components. Turbine blades must survive intense heat. Cool air is forced out of many small holes in the blades. This air remains close to the blade surfaces, preventing them from melting.

    Exhaust

    After passing through the turbine blades, the air mix enters the engine exhaust nozzle. The exhaust nozzle passes the turbine-discharge gases to the atmosphere at high velocity. The nozzle guides the exhaust to provide the engine thrust while protecting nearby components from excessive heat. The nozzle can also contain a thrust reverser to slow the aircraft on landing and a noise suppressor to reduce noise.

  8. Which of the following words name the process being discussed in the paragraph?
    Combustion of compressed air
    Production of thrust by a gas turbine engine
    Air intake and compression
    Basic opereation of a four-cycle piston automotive engine
  9. Which of the following correctly lists the steps in this process discussion?
    Air intake, combustion, turbine acceleration, compression, exhaust
    Combustion chamber, compressor, turbine, and exhaust nozzle
    Air intake, turbine acceleration, combustion, compression, exhaust
    Compressor, combustion chamber, turbine, and exhaust nozzle
    Air intake, compression, combustion, turbine acceleration, exhaust
    Compressor, turbine, combustion chamber, and exhaust nozzle
  10. In the introduction to this excerpt, you see this sentence: To operate, an engine must (1) draw in a quantity of air and compress it, (2) burn it with fuel and extract the energy, (3) turn the blades of the turbine, and then (4) exhaust the discharge gases producing thrust. What is the function of this sentence?
    Defines the process.
    Lists the steps in the process.
    Provides supplementary information.
    Indicates audience level required to read and understand this text.
  11. The paragraph provides short definitions for which of the following sets of words?
    No terms are defined.
    Rotor, stator, torque
    Rotor, stator, torque, igniter
    Rotor, stator, torque, igniter, internal combustion engine
    Rotor, stator

Programs and information provided by davidm@austincc.edu.