Paul is an investigator for the Federal Aviation
Administration (FAA). Paul inspects
commercial aircraft to ensure that the airlines are complying with FAA’s safety regulations. Paul records his findings in
investigation reports. These
reports cover a variety of checks Paul performs on each aircraft.
Some of the items Paul checks include the landing gear
tire pressure, the integrity
of fuel and hydraulic lines, window and door seals, and the integrity of the aircraft body.
On one occasion, Paul was assigned to inspect twenty
aircraft in one day. Because he
was in a hurry, Paul took some shortcuts that, in his mind, were entirely sensible and justified.
For example, Paul observed several “fresh drops” of fuel
in the area of the fuel lines
on one aircraft. He didn’t have time to crawl into the space with a flashlight to see if the drips were actually coming from
the line. Paul thought a leaking
fuel line was the only possible explanation for the presence of fuel outside the fuel lines.
Thus, Paul recorded a violation of FAA rules for leaking