Technical Editing:
Style: Definition and Sentence Structures — Rude 15

Answer the questions in this quiz to see how well you've read and understood the chapter. Feel free to look up answers in the book and retake this quiz until you get all the answers right.

This quiz is based on Technical Editing (4th ed.) by Carolyn Rude. If you find any questions not addressed in the 4th edition, contact your instructor.

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  1. The primary objective of an editor who is evaluating the style of a document is to determine if the style
    Is too formal.
    Is too informal
    Affects meaning.
    Affects how the reader views the writer.
  2. What does an editor need to consider when evaluating the appropriateness of a document's style for its content?
    Sentence syntax.
    Purpose and audience of the document.
    Word choice of the writer.
    Appropriateness of the context.
  3. What purpose do sentence structures such as patterns of subordination and parallelism serve?
    They indicate the importance and relationships of ideas.
    They make the meanings flow from the text.
    They complete the ideas of the subtext.
    They mark the changes in the thought patterns of the document.
  4. Where do you generally place the main idea of a sentence?
    At the beginning
    At the end
    In the middle
    At the core
  5. The first version of the paragraph on job complexity in this chapter can best be described as?
    Tangential
    Effective
    Concise
    Inflated
  6. In which of the following versions of the sentence is the main idea stated in the structural core of the sentence?
    The course of the twentieth century produced a cancer death rate that rose parallel to advances in technology.
    The twentieth century witnessed a rise in the cancer death rate that was parallel to advances in technology.
    Twentieth-century historians have observed that the cancer death rate rose parallel to advances in technology.
    In the twentieth century, the cancer death rate rose parallel to advances in technology.
  7. Which of the following best explains the known-to-new pattern?
    The beginning of a sentence (predicate) states or adds new information; the end of the sentence (subject) states familiar information.
    The beginning of a sentence (subject) states or adds new information; the end of the sentence (predicate) states familiar information.
    The beginning of a sentence (subject) states familiar information; the end of the sentence (predicate) states or adds new information.
    The beginning of a sentence (predicate) states familiar information; the end of the sentence (subject) states or adds new information.
  8. Which of the following uses the known-to-new pattern?
    Obesity results from an energy imbalance over time. This energy imbalance occurs when a person consumes more calories than he exerts through physical activity.
    Obesity results from an energy imbalance over time. Consuming more calories than are exerted through physical activity creates this energy imbalance.
    Obesity results from an energy imbalance over time. Less physical activity and more calories create this energy imbalance.
  9. What's wrong with this sentence written by an individual seeking a job as a bank teller: I was elected treasurer of my social fraternity, which enabled me to collect and account for dues?
    The important information is stated in the main clause.
    The important information is stated in the subordinate clause.
    Unimportant information is stated in the subordinate clause.
  10. What helps an editor determine what facts should be subordinated in a sentence?
    Context
    Grammatical subject of the sentence
    The structure of the sentence
    All of the above
  11. Which of the following versions of the sentence is parallel in phrasing?
    To become a mutual fund shareholder, an investor places an order with a local securities dealer or by contacting the fund's sales staff directly.
    To become a mutual fund shareholder, an investor places an order with a local securities dealer or contacting the fund's sales staff directly.
    To become a mutual fund shareholder, an investor places an order with a local securities dealer or contacts the fund's sales staff directly.
    If you want to become a mutual fund shareholder, you place an order with a local securities dealer or by contacting the fund's sales staff directly.
  12. What is meant by making "people" "agents" in sentences?
    Including direct references to the actual events described in the sentence, especially making them the main verb of sentence where possible.
    Making the people referenced in the sentence the direct object in those sentences.
    Including direct references to the actual people (agents) in the sentence, making them the subject of the sentence when possible.
    In passive-voice sentences, ensuring that the actor is specified using a prepositional phrase that begins with "by."
  13. To optimize comprehension, where should you place the subject and verb?
    Near the beginning of the sentence.
    At the end of the sentence.
    In the middle of the sentence.
    It doesn't matter.
  14. What can you do to help readers understand the connection between sentences?
    Use the same words over and over again.
    Use words that are easy to understand.
    Use information in the predicate of a preceding sentence as the subject in the sentence that follows.
    Use information in the subject of a preceding sentence as the subject in the sentence that follows.
  15. What can you do regarding sentence length to make comprehension easier.
    Use only short sentences.
    Use both short and long sentences, but vary sentence length occasionally.
    Use either short or long sentences, but do not vary sentence length.
  16. Which of the two sentences below is the preferred form?
    Public-school education cannot be improved if tax increases specifically for education are not introduced.
    Public-school education can be improved if tax increases specifically for education are introduced.
  17. Why?
    It uses negative phrasing as opposed to positive.
    It uses the passive voice.
    It does not use the passive voice.
    It uses positive phrasing as opposed to negative.
  18. What point does this chapter make about the topic of a sentence and the grammatical subject of a sentence?
    For ease of comprehension, they should be identical.
    For ease of comprehension, they should be separate.
    For ease of comprehension, the topic of the sentence should forecast the predicate of the next sentence.
    For ease of comprehension, the grammatical subject of the sentence should forecast the predicate of the next sentence.
  19. Which is the subordinate clause in this sentence: Although the house shows signs of dry rot, the house seems structurally sound?
    Although the house shows signs of dry rot
    the house seems structurally sound
    signs of dry rot
    Although the house shows signs of dry rot, the house seems structurally sound.
  20. This chapter urges us to use people as agents in sentences whenever possible. Which of the following sentences does that in both parts?
    After 90 days of employment are completed, your vacation days are not lost because of illness.
    After you complete 90 days of employment, you will not lose vacation days because of illness.
    After 90 days of employmentare completed, you will not lose vacation days because of illness.
    After you complete 90 days of employment, your vacation days are not lost because of illness.
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