FrameMaker Tutorial:
Anchored Frames

Developed for advanced documentation students by
David A. McMurrey Thomas A. Moore
Jacqueline J. Pulido ---

See the FrameMaker resource page for additional study materials. Got a question about this tutorial? Post it in the FrameMaker FAQ


The following FrameMaker tutorial shows you how to insert a graphic in an anchored frame, create an anchored frame that runs into a body paragraph, insert a graphic into the margin, and align a graphic within an anchored frame. This tutorial is provided for advanced documentation students on a free, as-is basis, without guarantee of accuracy. If you see any errors or think we should have included other tasks, let us know!

Other tutorials focus on the basics, styles, graphics, tables, templates, cross-references, book building, variable text and conversion techniques. These tutorials only get you started; if you have more in-depth needs, see the Adobe FrameMaker User Guide or Adobe FrameMaker Classroom in a Book.

The tutorial's instructions are based on FrameMaker version 6.0 for Windows. You may encounter some minor differences if you are using another version.

Note: For the sake of brevity, we use an abbreviated style for menu commands throughout this lesson. For example, "Choose File > New" means "Choose New from the File menu".

Downloading the Sample Files

Before you start, download the sample files for this tutorial and open FrameMaker:
  1. Download the sample files:

    1. Click on samples.zip.
    2. These download instructions vary depending on your browser. For Netscape, click Save File.
    3. In the Save As dialog box, the File name box should read samples.exe.
    4. Select the directory to save this application file and click Save.
      Note: If you are working in the TCM computer lab, use the A: drive to save your file on a diskette.

  2. Extract the files:

    1. From the Window's task bar, choose Start > Run.
    2. From the Run dialog box, click Browse and select the application file's directory.
    3. Click on samples.exe and click Open.
    4. Click OK to run the application.
    5. From the WinZip Self-Extractor dialog box, click Browse, then select the directory to save the extracted files, and click OK.
    6. Click Unzip and when the four files have been unzipped successfully, click OK.
    7. Click Close to exit the application.

  3. Open FrameMaker and choose File > Open.

  4. Locate and select the sample files' directory.

  5. Click on frames.fm and click Open.

    Note: If you get a message about unavailable fonts or about opening a release 5 document, click OK.

  6. From the View menu, turn on Borders, Text Symbols, and Rulers.

  7. Save the document file. Choose File > Save.

Importing a Graphic Using an Anchored Frame

An anchored frame is a graphic frame that stays positioned to a specific section of text. When the text moves, the anchored frame and its graphics move with the text automatically.

To import a graphic using an anchored frame:

  1. Place the insertion point at the end of the first body paragraph. Press the End key to ensure that the insertion point is at the very end of the paragraph.

  2. Choose File > Import > File.

  3. Locate and select the sample files' directory.

  4. Click on dialogbox.tif and click Import.

  5. In the Imported Graphic Scaling dialog box, select 150 dpi and click Set. FrameMaker inserts the graphic in an anchored frame automatically.

    Anchored frame

    FrameMaker places an anchor symbol ( anchor symbol ) at the insertion point to mark the point where the frame is anchored.

  6. Choose Special > Anchored Frame. Notice the current settings place the anchored frame below the current line and aligned to the center of the text frame. These settings can be changed by using the pull-down menus. For now, click Cancel.

Inserting an Anchored Frame To Run into the Paragraph

To insert a frame that runs into the paragraph text:

  1. Place the insertion point anywhere in the first line of text after First Heading.

  2. Choose File > Import > File.

  3. Click on Pen&Fill.gif and click Import.

  4. In the Imported Graphic Scaling dialog box, select 75 dpi and click Set. The graphic is placed in an anchored frame below the current line.

  5. Now, choose Special > Anchored Frame.

  6. Using the pull-down menu, change Anchoring Position to Run into Paragraph and click Edit Frame.

Inserting a Graphic in the Margin

To insert a graphic into the margin, you must:

Creating an Anchored Frame

To create an anchored frame outside the text frame:
  1. Click anywhere in the paragraph that reads "Place the insertion point here".

  2. Choose Special > Anchored Frame.

  3. Using the pull-down menu, change Anchoring Position to Outside Text Frame.

  4. Type in -0.25 for Distance above Baseline. A negative value places the frame below the baseline.

  5. Type in 0.2 for Distance from Text Frame. This creates a small space between the graphic and the left edge of the text frame.

  6. Enter the anchored frame's size. Type in 1.0 for Width and 0.5 for Height. The settings for the Anchored Frame dialog box should look like this:

    Anchored Frame

  7. Click New Frame. FrameMaker creates an anchored frame outside the text frame on the left side.

Importing a Graphic

To import a graphic:

  1. Make sure the anchored frame is still selected--the selection handles show it's selected. (If the frame's not selected, click on its border.)

  2. Choose File > Import > File.

  3. In the Import dialog box, click on note.tif.

  4. In the Import dialog, click Copy into Document; otherwise, remember to send graphics files with your FrameMaker documents.

  5. Click Import.

  6. In the Imported Graphic Scaling dialog box, select 300 dpi and click Set. FrameMaker imports the graphic into the anchored frame.

Aligning the Graphic

To align the graphic within the anchored frame:

  1. Make sure the graphic is selected (not the anchored frame).

  2. Choose Graphics > Align.

  3. In the Align dialog box, select Tops and Right Sides.

  4. Click Align. FrameMaker aligns the graphic to top-right of the anchored frame. This is the most exact and consistent way to align a graphic within an anchored frame.

    Note: You can also adjust the position of the graphic by holding Alt and using the arrow keys.

  5. Notice that the anchored frame still has some extra space on the left side. It won't hurt anything to leave this space, but it is good practice to fit the frame as tightly around the graphic as possible. Click on the anchored frame's border to select it.

  6. Click on the frame's left selection handle and drag the handle to the right.

    Selection handles

    Note: You can turn off Snap to make finer adjustments with the selection handles. Choose Graphics > Snap. (The checkmark shows Snap is turned on.)

In this tutorial you learned how to insert a graphic in an anchored frame, create an anchored frame that runs into a body paragraph, insert a graphic into the margin, and align a graphic within an anchored frame. Experiment with other anchored frame options and some graphics of your own.


Information and programs provided by hcexres@prismnet.com.