FrameMaker 7.0 Tutorial:

Developed for advanced documentation students by
David A. McMurrey Jana Owens
Spring 2004
Jacqueline J. Pulido
Fall 2000
Thomas A. Moore

For additional study materials, refer to the FrameMaker resource page. Got a question about this tutorial?
Post it in the FrameMaker FAQ

FrameMaker version 9 tutorials are now available.

This tutorial is provided for advanced documentation students on a free, as-is basis, without guarantee of accuracy. If you find any errors or think we should include other tasks, let us know!

This tutorial discusses the following topics:

Subsequent tutorials focus on tags, tables, anchored frames, graphics, templates, master pages, reference pages, cross-references, tables of contents, variable text, book building, conversion techniques, and structured documents. These tutorials provide an overview of each topic discussed. If you required information about advanced FrameMaker topics, refer to the Adobe FrameMaker User Guide or Adobe FrameMaker Classroom in a Book for the current version of FrameMaker.

Note: For the sake of brevity, we use an abbreviated style for menu commands throughout this lesson. For example, "Select File > New" means "Select New from the File menu."

Downloading and Saving the Source Document

An index can be generated from either a single document or a book. The document or book that the index is generated from is called the source document. For this tutorial, the source document (in this case, a single document) has already been created for you. Before you begin, download and save the source document.

To download the source document:
  1. Select the following link: indexes.mif.

    Note: Earlier versions of Netscape may attempt to display this file directly. To force Netscape to download this file, right-click the link above, and select Save Link Target As.

  2. Select the directory in which to save the file, and click Save.

    Note: If you are working in the TCM computer lab, save the file to your lab account. If you do not have a lab account, please contact your instructor.

To save the source document:

  1. Open FrameMaker, and select File > Open.

  2. Change to the directory in which you saved the source document.

  3. Select, and click Open. (If messages appear, click OK to continue.)

  4. Select File > Save As.

  5. Select the directory in which to save the file.

  6. In the File name box, change .mif to .fm.

  7. Click Save.

Marking Simple Index Entries

To mark a simple index entry:
  1. With the file open, turn on Borders, Text Symbols, and Rulers; for more information, see Changing the Display of the Page.

  2. Select Special > Marker.

  3. Highlight the words short documents located in the second paragraph on page 2.

    The text appears in the Marker dialog box.

  4. Select Index from the Marker Type pull-down menu.

  5. Click New Marker.
    FrameMaker places text symbol (index marker) to mark the index entry.

  6. text symbol

    Tip: To view the contents of a marker, select the marker symbol while the Marker dialog box is open. The contents of the marker are displayed in the Marker dialog box.

  7. Highlight the word phrasing located in the third paragraph on page 2.

  8. Click New Marker.

  9. Highlight the words lone headings located in the fourth paragraph on page 2.

  10. Click New Marker.

  11. Click Close to close the Marker dialog box.

Generating an Index

After you have created index markers in your document, you are ready to generate an index.
To generate an index for an individual document:

  1. Select Special > Standard Index.

    The following message appears.

  2. Click Yes.

    The Set Up Standard Index dialog box appears.

  3. Verify that Index is the only marker listed under Include Markers of Type. (If Index is not included, locate the marker in the Don't Include list, and double-click it.)

  4. Click Set.

    The index appears in your document window. FrameMaker generates your index in a new file called (The name of the source document plus the suffix "IX".)
    Note: To get a better look at your index, you can hide text symbols by deselecting Text Symbols from the View menu.

Note: You can generate an index for an entire book by selecting Standard Index from the Add menu; for more information about creating an index for a book, see Book Building.

Formatting the Index

After placing the index markers and generating the index, you can improve the formatting to make the index more readable. To format the index, follow the steps below:
  1. Place your cursor in the first line of your index. (This paragraph should be tagged GroupTitlesIX.)

  2. Open the Paragraph Designer (Ctrl + M), and click the Basic tab.

  3. From the Space Above Pgf pull-down menu, select 1 Line (14.0 pt), and click Update All.

  4. Click the Default Font tab.

  5. From the Family pull-down menu, select Arial.

  6. From the Weight pull-down menu, select Bold, and click Update All.

  7. Place your cursor at the very beginning of your document (first line, first position), type the word INDEX, and press Enter.

  8. Place your cursor within the word INDEX, and select Title from the Paragraph Tag pull-down menu.

  9. Click Update All, and close the Paragraph Designer.
If your house style requires a comma between the index entries and the page numbers, modify the SeparatorsIX tag in the references pages. Add a comma at the beginning of the SeparatorsIX line as shown here:

dialog box

Note: The index will retain this formatting through new generations, as long as you do not change the name of the source document.

Adding Markers for Nested Index Entries

To add nested entries to your index:
  1. Return to the file, and select Special > Marker.

  2. Highlight the words stacked headings located in the fifth paragraph on page 2.

  3. Click New Marker.

  4. Within the same text, highlight the word headings.

  5. Within the Marker dialog box, type a colon and the word stacked immediately following the word headings.

    Your marker text should look similar to the following.
    dialog box

  6. Click New Marker.

  7. In the previous paragraph, add a similar index marker for lone headings.

  8. Generate the index; see Generating an Index.

    Your index should look similar to the following.

  9. Press and hold the Shift key, and select File > Save All Open Files to save your files.

Adding an Entry for a Range of Pages

To include an entry for a topic that spans several pages:
  1. Within the file, place your cursor anywhere in the first paragraph on page 2.

  2. In the Marker dialog box, type <$startrange>lists.

    Your marker text should look similar to the following.
    dialog box

  3. Click New Marker.

  4. Place your cursor anywhere in the last paragraph on page 3.

  5. In the Marker dialog box, type <$endrange>lists.

  6. Click New Marker.

Adding an Entry without a Page Number

To include an entry without a page number:
  1. Place your cursor anywhere in the first paragraph on page 2.

  2. In the Marker dialog box, type <$nopage>rules. See guidelines.

    Your marker text should look similar to the following.
    dialog box

  3. Click New Marker.

  4. Click Close to close Marker dialog box.

  5. Generate the index; see Generating an Index.

    Your index should look similar to the following.

  6. Press and hold the Shift key, and select File > Save All Open Files to save your files.

The index is still very simple, but it contains the most common index elements. Experiment with creating and formatting indexes, such as a two-column layout, for other FrameMaker documents.

Editing Index Entries in the Source Files

As you develop an index, you are likely to find entries that you want to change in the source files (for example, the files for the actual chapters of your book). FrameMaker enables you to link directly to the file and to the index tag that you want to change. You don't have to laboriously open the source file and search for the tag. Here's how:
  1. Open the index document you have just generated. Make sure that View > Text Symbols is checked.
  2. Click Special > Marker to display the Marker dialog. Unless you have accidentally selected an index marker, this dialog box will be empty.
  3. Click in the text near the index marker you want to change. There are two ways to select an index marker that you want to change:

  4. To go to the index tag in the source, hold down Ctrl and Alt (in Windows), move the mouse pointer over the selected index marker, and when the pointer turns into a hand, click the mouse. FrameMaker will open up the file that contains the index tag you want to change and display the index entry in the dialog box:
  5. Selected index marker

  6. Make the necessary changes and click Edit Marker.

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