FrameMaker 9.0 Tutorial:
Anchored Frames

 

Developed for advanced documentation students by
David A. McMurrey  
Jill Brockmann
Fall 2009
Jana Owens
Spring 2004
Jacqueline J. Pulido
Fall 2000
Thomas A. Moore
Spring 1998
For additional study materials, refer to the FrameMaker resource page.


This tutorial is provided for advanced documentation students on a free, as-is basis, without guarantee of accuracy. If you find any errors or think we should include other tasks, let us know!

This tutorial discusses the following topics:

If you require information about advanced FrameMaker topics, refer to the Adobe FrameMaker User Guide or Adobe FrameMaker Classroom in a Book for the current version of FrameMaker.

Note: For the sake of brevity, we use an abbreviated style for menu commands throughout this lesson. For example, "Select File > New" means "Select New from the File menu."

About Anchored Frames

You can use anchored frames to place graphics and illustrations within your document. When you place the anchored frame within your document, you can specify how the paragraph text will interact with the frame. For example, you can import a graphic into an anchored frame and specify that the paragraph text runs around the graphic or you can specify that the anchored frame holds the graphic in a centered or justified position within the text frame. In other instances, you may wish to place a graphic outside of the main text frame, along the margin of the page. To get started with this tutorial, you must first download and extract the sample files.

Downloading, Extracting, and Saving the Sample Files

Before you begin, you must download, extract, and save the sample files used in this tutorial.

To download the sample files:

  1. Select the following link: samples.exe.

    Note: Earlier versions of Netscape may attempt to display this file directly. To download the files correctly, right-click and select Save Link As.

  2. Select the directory in which to save the file, and click Save.
    Note: For this exercise, the file samples.exe has been saved in a folder called FM Anchored Frames. You may decide to save your files in a similar manner so that you can easily find them and refer to them in the future.

Before you extract the source files, make sure WinZip is installed on your computer. If WinZip is not installed, download the installation program from the following URL, and install WinZip: http://www.winzip.com.

To extract the source file:

  1. Locate the samples.exe file on your local computer.

  2. Double-click the file. The WinZip Self-Extractor dialog box appears as follows:



  3. Click Browse to select a directory in which to extract the files.

  4. Click Unzip.

    The source documents are extracted to the selected directory. You should see the dialog box that shows all four files were unzipped successfully as shown below:



  5. Click OK.

  6. Close the The WinZip Self-Extractor - samples.exe dialog box.


To save the source documents:

  1. Open FrameMaker, and select File > Open.

  2. Change to the directory in which you extracted the source document.

  3. Select frames.fm, and click Open. (If message appears regarding a Release 5 Document, click OK to continue.)




    FrameMaker automatically opens the file frames.fm and your document window will appear as follows:



  4. From the View menu, turn on Borders, Text Symbols, and Rulers. Your screen should appear as follows:



  5. Select File > Save to save the file.

Importing a Graphic Using an Anchored Frame

To import a graphic using an anchored frame:

  1. Place your cursor at the end of the second paragraph on page 1 of frames.fm.

  2. Select File > Import > File. The Import dialog box will appear as follows:



  3. Select the file named dialogbox.tif.

  4. Choose Copy Into Document. (For large documents, you'll prefer using Import by reference to enable files to open and save faster.)

  5. Click Import.

  6. The Imported Graphic Scaling dialog box appears. Choose the Custom dpi option and type 150 in the dpi field. The Imported Graphic Scaling dialog box should appear similar to the following:



  7. Click Set.

    FrameMaker inserts the graphic into the anchored frame. Note that the Anchor symbol anchor symbol marks the insertion point of the anchored frame. Your document window should appear similar to the following:

    Anchored frame

  8. To make the anchored frame snug up against the graphic, press Esc, m, and then p (separate keystrokes, no combinations).

  9. Select Special > Anchored Frame.

    Notice the current settings place the anchored frame below the current line and aligned to the center of the text frame. These settings can be changed by using the pull-down menus.

  10. Click Cancel to exit.

Inserting an Anchored Frame to Run into the Paragraph

To insert an anchored frame that runs into the paragraph text, follow the steps below:

  1. Place your cursor to the left of the D in the word Duis, in the first line of text (after the words First Heading).

  2. Select File > Import > File.

  3. Click on Pen&Fill.gif, choose Copy Into document, and click Import.

  4. In the Imported Graphic Scaling dialog box, select 75 dpi, and click Set.

    The graphic is placed in an anchored frame below the current line of text. Your document window should appear similar to the following:

    Anchored frame

  5. Select Special > Anchored Frame.

  6. From the Anchored Frame dialog box, select Run into Paragraph from the Anchoring Position pull-down menu. Your Anchored Frame dialog box should appear as follows:

    Anchored frame

  7. Click Edit Frame.

    The anchored frame is now located to the left of the word Duis, at the specified insertion point. The text wraps around the anchored frame because the Run into Paragraph option and the Left Alignment option were chosen in the previous step.

    Anchored frame

Inserting a Graphic in the Margin

To insert a graphic into the margin, you must:

  1. create an anchored frame outside the text frame
  2. import the graphic
  3. align the graphic within the anchored frame
  1. Create an anchored frame outside the text frame

    1. Click anywhere in the paragraph (line of text) that reads "Place the insertion point here."

    2. Select Special > Anchored Frame.

    3. From the Anchoring Position: pull-down menu, select Outside Text Frame.

    4. In the Distance above Baseline box, type -0.25. (A negative value places the frame below the baseline.)

    5. In the Distance from Text Frame box, type 0.2. (This option creates a small space between the graphic and the left edge of the text frame.)

    6. In the Size area, type 1.0 in the Width box and 0.5 in the Height box.

      Your settings should appear similar to the following:

      Anchored Frame

    7. Click New Frame.

      FrameMaker creates an anchored frame outside of the main text frame, immediately to the left of the insertion point. (In this case, the insertion point was the letter P in the word Place.) Your document window should appear similar to the following:

      Anchored frame

  2. Import the graphic:

    1. Select the anchored frame by clicking on the dotted border of the frame until the selection handle squares appear.

    2. Select File > Import > File. FrameMaker may send a warning that your changes cannot be undone and that the undo history will be lost. If this message appears, press OK to continue.

    3. Change to the directory in which you saved the sample files, and select note.tif.

    4. Select the Copy into Document radio button located at the bottom of the dialog box.

      Note: Copying a graphic into a document will increase the size of the document. To avoid increasing the size of the document, you can select Import by Reference. If you select Import by Reference and you are distributing the Framemaker source code, you must distribute the graphics directory as well.

    5. Click Import. The Imported Graphic Scaling dialog box will appear as follows:

      Anchored frame

    6. In the Imported Graphic Scaling dialog box, select 300 dpi, and click Set.

      FrameMaker imports the graphic, a magnifying glass, into the anchored frame. Your document window will appear similar to the following:

      Anchored frame

  3. Align the graphic within the anchored frame:

    1. Select the graphic frame located inside of the anchored frame. (Make sure you select the graphic frame and not the anchored frame.) Select Graphics > Align. Your screen should appear as follows:

      Anchored frame

    2. In the Align dialog box, select Tops and Right Sides.

    3. Click Align.

      FrameMaker aligns the graphic to top-right of the anchored frame.

      Tip: You can also adjust the position of the graphic by one of the following methods:

      • Select the graphic, press and hold the Alt key, and then use the arrow keys to position the graphic.
      • Right-click the graphic, select Object Properties, and then adjust the Offset From: Top: and Left: property values.

      Note: Notice that the anchored frame still has some extra space on the left side. To avoid awkward spacing with regard to objects outside the anchored frame, it is good practice to fit the anchored frame close to the graphic. The Snap feature allows you to resize frames at specified intervals. You can turn on or turn off the Snap feature by selecting Snap from the Graphics menu. To make finer adjustments to the size of your anchored frame, turn off the Snap feature. For more information about resizing objects, see Graphics.

    4. After completing this exercise, your document will have three anchored frames. One anchored frame will appear with text wrapped around the frame. Another anchored frame will appear in between two paragraphs of text and centered in the main text frame. The last anchored frame will appear outside of the main text frame and in the left margin. Your document should appear as follows:

      Anchored frame

    In this tutorial you learned how to insert a graphic into an anchored frame, create an anchored frame that runs into a body paragraph, insert a graphic into the margin, and align a graphic within an anchored frame. Experiment with other anchored frame options to import your own graphics and illustrations.


Home

Information and programs provided by hcexres@prismnet.com.